Sunday, December 29, 2019

Conjugation of Conocer

Conocer, a verb that usually means to know in the sense of knowing a person or place, is sometimes irregularly conjugated in its present tenses and the imperative mood. The stem, conoc-, changes to conozc- when it is followed by an -o or -a. Other verbs following this pattern include agradecer, complacer, crecer, desconocer, desobedecer, florecer, merecer, nacer, obedecer, ofrecer, perecer, pertenecer, preconocer, and reconocer. Irregular forms are show below in boldface. Translations are given as a guide and in real life may vary with context. Infinitive of Conocer conocer (to know) Gerund of Conocer conociendo (knowing) Participle of Conocer conocido (known) Present Indicative of Conocer yo conozco, tà º conoces, usted/à ©l/ella conoce, nosotros/as conocemos, vosotros/as conocà ©is, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocen (I know, you know, he knows, etc.) Preterite of Conocer yo conocà ­, tà º conociste, usted/à ©l/ella conocià ³, nosotros/as conocimos, vosotros/as conocisteis, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocieron (I knew, you knew, she knew, etc.) Imperfect Indicative of Conocer yo conocà ­a, tà º conocà ­as, usted/à ©l/ella conocà ­a, nosotros/as conocà ­amos, vosotros/as conocà ­ais, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocà ­an (I used to know, you used to know, he used to know, etc.) Future Indicative of Conocer yo conocerà ©, tà º conocerà ¡s, usted/à ©l/ella conocerà ¡, nosotros/as conoceremos, vosotros/as conocerà ©is, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocerà ¡n (I will know, you will know, he will know, etc.) Conditional of Conocer yo conocerà ­a, tà º conocerà ­as, usted/à ©l/ella conocerà ­a, nosotros/as conocerà ­amos, vosotros/as conocerà ­ais, ustedes/ellos/ellas conocerà ­an (I would know, you would know, she would know, etc.) Present Subjunctive of Conocer que yo conozca, que tà º conozcas, que usted/à ©l/ella conozca, que nosotros/as conozcamos, que vosotros/as conozcà ¡is, que ustedes/ellos/ellas conozcan (that I know, that you know, that she know, etc.) Imperfect Subjunctive of Conocer que yo conociera (conociese), que tà º conocieras (conocieses), que usted/à ©l/ella conociera (conociese), que nosotros/as conocià ©ramos (conocià ©semos), que vosotros/as conocierais (conocieseis), que ustedes/ellos/ellas conocieran (conociesen) (that I knew, that you knew, that he knew, etc.) Imperative of Conocer conoce (tà º), no conozcas (tà º), conozca (usted), conozcamos (nosotros/as), conoced (vosotros/as), no conozcà ¡is (vosotros/as), conozcan (ustedes) (know, dont know, know, lets know, etc.) Compound Tenses of Conocer The perfect tenses are made by using the appropriate form of haber and the past participle, conocido. The progressive tenses use estar with the gerund, conociendo. Sample Sentences Showing Conjugation of Conocer and Verbs Following the Same Pattern Me encontraba trabajando a tiempo completo y no pude conocer personalmente a los chicos. (I found myself working full-time and wasnt able to get to personally know the boys. Infinitive.) Ha merecido la pena el viaje hasta aquà ­. (The trip to here has been worth the bother. Present perfect.) Esta ciudad no es muy grande, pero todavà ­a no la conozco bien. (This city isnt very large, but I still dont know it well. Present indicative.) Estoy ofreciendo mucho mà ¡s que la paz. I am offering much more than peace. Present progressive.)  ¿Alguna vez has querido saber en quà © dà ­a de la semana naciste? (Have you ever wanted to know which day of the week you were born on? Preterite.) Antes los padres mandaban y los chicos obedecà ­an; hoy sus roles està ¡n invertidos. (Before, the parents gave orders and the children obeyed; today, their roles are reversed. Imperfect.) Solo florecemos si nuestras necesidades emocionales està ¡n atendidas. (We will only flourish if our emotional needs are attended to. Future.) No te reconocerà ­a si nos encontrà ¡semos. (I wouldnt recognize you if we were to run into each other. Conditional.)  ¿Cà ³mo reparo algo que pertenezca a otro? (How can I repair something that belongs to someone else? Present subjunctive.) Hubo una gran variedad de penas aplicables a toda persona que desobedeciera el decreto imperial. (There was a great variety of punishments applicable to everyone who disobeyed the imperial degree. Imperfect subjunctive.)  ¡No desobedezcas creyendo que todo estarà ¡ bien! Dont disobey believing everything is going to be OK! Imperative.)

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