Thursday, June 4, 2020

Graduate School Application I Dont Have a Job Yet! What Do I Do

Dear Engineering Students of the Class of 2015†¦ Here you are. Tottering on the cliff-edge of the â€Å"real world.† All that’s left is one more year of classes, professors, and those pesky problem sets that seem to take hours longer than they should (Thermodynamics†¦need I say more?). Most people at this point kick back, relax and enjoy the new opportunities that that big two-one on their ID brings them. It’s easy to push away feelings of anxiety about the gaping unknown that waits for you once you’ve crossed that stage and received that piece of paper you’ve worked so hard for. If you’re one of the few lucky ones who have entered this final year of undergrad with a fulltime job offer, you can probably stop reading this now. However, if you are in the vast majority of seniors with no set plans after graduation, read on to discover how to make your senior year work best for you long-term. First, think about what path you would like to follow after graduation. One of the best pieces of advice my father gave me was to pursue an engineering major because you can do essentially anything with it. Well, great advice for entering college, but now it leads to a tough decision. You can do essentially anything with your major – great! But what do you want to do with it? Even a simple option of a full-time job becomes complicated as you consider which track to go down: design engineer, research and development, management, private industry, government, and the list goes on. If you pursue further education, you must choose between a Masters, Ph.D., or even law school, medical school or an MBA program. Whew. If you’re starting to feel a pit in your stomach†¦that’s a good sign. Think about what you want to do and write down a list. Have people told you that you have good people skills? Do you enjoy being the group leader in your class project groups? Maybe you should consider either a management track or an MBA program. More useful than thinking about what you would enjoy doing, consider what you would not enjoy doing. Talk to your advisors and mentors – many professors have experience in both industry and academics and can give good insight as to the lifestyle of each. Your university’s career center will be able to work with you to create a list of opportunities that your degree will offer you. Then cross items off the list that you are not interested in pursuing. It’s okay if you have several options you’re considering – but make sure you narrow it down far enough so you’re not spread too thin with applications and test preparation. The second step is to create an action plan for each path left on the list. If you’re looking at further education, find out what schools you would be interested in attending. Reach out (email is best) to professors and students to find out what it’s really like beyond the smiling pictures from the university’s homepage. If you’re looking at employment, think about out what type of company you want to work for. Large, international companies often have a different culture then small, local companies. Government careers have different requirements than the private sector (as well as different benefits). Once you’ve limited your options, research specific companies with job opportunities you are qualified for. (Hint: Career fairs are perfect for this.) The third step involves applications and test preparation: many jobs and further education have pre-requisites. Whether it’s the GRE for graduate school or the LSATs for law school, most opportunities require students to take a standardized assessment. Even full-time engineering jobs aren’t exempt as some positions require the dreaded FE examination. The point is, do research. Find out what testing and coursework is required and make note of important dates. Research application deadlines – especially for graduate school. So let’s reassess. By now, you have written out a list of opportunities that your degree will offer. On that list, you have crossed out the career paths that you do not wish to pursue. For the few that are left, you have researched and generated an action plan. You have a planner (or online calendar) where you have written down the important test sign-up and application deadlines as well as the dates of the tests themselves. (Hint: if you get to choose a testing date, make sure you pick a date with enough time to prepare as well as enough time after to retake if necessary. Keep in mind academic obligations such as midterms and finals.) The final step is to follow through on your action plan! Get help when you need it. Cambridge Coaching’s great GRE tutors (or MCAT or LSAT or GMAT or†¦) and graduate school application coaches have been in exactly the same situation you find yourself in now. It’s worth the extra money in the long-term. If you begin your senior year organized, you’ll avoid slipping into the abyss that is senioritis. With a plan, you can succeed academically, get that dream position AND enjoy those happy hour specials. ;

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Literary Criticism of The Namesake - 8108 Words

Gogols Namesake: Identity and Relationships in Jhumpa Lahiris The Namesake Author: Judith Caesar Allusions to Nikolai V. Gogol and his short story The Overcoat permeate Jhumpa Lahiris novel The Namesake, beginning with Gogols being the name the protagonist is called through most of the book. Yet few of the reviewers of the novel mentioned Nikolai Gogol at all in their discussions of the novel, except to describe the protagonist Gogols loathing of his name, or to quote without comment or explanation Dostoevskis famous line, We all came out of Gogols Overcoat. So far, no one has looked beyond the surfaces to examine the significance of the allusions to Gogol that are so much a part of the fabric of Lahiris novel. Without the†¦show more content†¦He becomes a new man, noticing women, for instance, when before he would forget where he was while crossing the street. As he is coming back from this uncharacteristic outing, his overcoat is stolen. When he reports the loss to a local dignitary (on his co-workers advice--no idea is his own), he is bullied and insulted for his temerity in approaching such an important person. Tellingly, the Very Important Person demands, Do you realize, sir, who you are talking to? (Gogol 263), as if he didnt know who he was himself, without its being reconfirmed by others fear of him. Exposed to the cold once again, the overcoatless Akaky then catches a fever and dies, but this is not the end of the story. Shortly after Akakys death, a living corpse who looks like Akaky begins haunting the same square in which Akaky was robbed, but this time as a stealer of overcoats rather than as a victim. One of this Akakys victims is the same Very Important Person who bu llied him, who had been mildly regretting his harshness, and who is now frightened into real repentance. The last we hear of Akaky and his ghost is when a policeman sees a burly man whom he takes to be the ghostly overcoat thief, accosts him, and finds instead a man who is clearly not Akaky, but may be the original thief who robbed him. Its a strange story, suggesting very non-American ideas about identity and the undesirability of having a fixed identity. The overcoat that Akaky buys atShow MoreRelatedHuck Finn Literary Criticism1498 Words   |  6 PagesIn Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain portrays his main character and the novel’s namesake, a deeply complex individual, even as a child. He has obvious abandonment issues and continues to struggle with finding his place in society. Huck starts by trying to fit in with Tom and a band of young boys, but eventually finds true companionship in a slave named Jim. Huck continues in his struggles as his moral beliefs conflict with the moral beliefs of the society of his time. This conflict comes from Huck beingRead MoreThe Role of Women in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Essay2493 Words   |  10 Pagesout of life (Joyce 434). They deliver the raw experience he transforms and refines into art. The key to understanding the relationship between women, sex, experience, and creation lies in Stephens association of himself with his mythological namesake, Daedalus. By establishing a link between himself and the ancient inventor, he makes apparent the parallel elements of their two stories -- punishment, falling, women -- and their relationship to his own artistic creation. Pasiphae, wife of KingRead MoreThe Spectrum Of Human Nature Essay1639 Words   |  7 PagesBlair Hu Dr. Madon Literary Explorations III 25 October 2016 The Spectrum of Human Nature Iago, the main villain of William Shakespeare’s Othello, is a manipulative mastermind, able to weave an intricate web of lies that eventually leads to the death of the namesake of the play, Othello. Iago provides a multitude of rationales which explain his motivations for his deeds through sprawling soliloquies, such as the suspicion that Othello might be sleeping with his wife, Emilia, or that Othello deniesRead MoreEssay about Immortal Ideas In A Worn Path2029 Words   |  9 Pagesparticipate in their system (Moberly 123). Only after the nurse asks if her grandson is dead does she speak up and blame the silence on her old age, memory, and ignorance. She had to swallow her pride to get the medicine to protect her â€Å"mythological namesake† (Moberly 123). Phoenix knows how to handle herself in any situation due to her age, wisdom, and lifetimes of accumulated wisdom. On the surface Phoenix Jackson is making the hard trip into town to get medicine for her grandson who swallowedRead More Mythology and Archetypes in Harper Lees To Kill a Mockingbird2536 Words   |  11 PagesMythology and Archetypes in Harper Lees To Kill a Mockingbird      Ã‚  Ã‚   Of all the various approaches to criticism, the Mythological/Archetypal achieves the greatest impact over the entire literary scope, because the themes and patterns unearthed apply universally to all works, yielding results that can be applied to a great many texts. This is because the very nature of the Mythological/Archetypal approach is the exploration of the canon for widespread and pervading symbols, plots, andRead MoreOthello, The Shakespearean Tragedy Of Great Eclat2570 Words   |  11 Pagescaptured the recognition of many spectators, readers, and observers. Fascinated by the popular analysis, and multiplex of themes, ranging from jealousy and love, or perhaps honor and betrayal, Othello has become intrinsic to the way one lucubrates the literary and theatrical arts, and has become indispensible in understanding Shakespearean literature. However, taking the analysis further than the ostentatious front put on by Shakespeare, one can distinguish a more malig nant warrant to Othello s attractivenessRead More Use of Imagery in Jean Toomers Cane Essay2438 Words   |  10 PagesGeorgia Dusk captures the essence of that violence masked beneath a celebratory song of men finished with work and singing through the footpaths of the swamp (15). In quick succession Toomer gives us Fern and Esther, two stories whose namesakes further illuminate the problem of identity highlighted in images of dusk. Both are aloof and solitary figures, one existing for the sake of her beauty, the other forgotten and nearly invisible in her self-created world of obsession and fantasy (ChaseRead MoreTheodor Geisel2528 Words   |  11 Pagesconquer entire pages, and he realized graduate school was simply not for him. In the short time spent there, though, he met Helen Palmer, and fell in love. The two were married in 1927, and throughout their relationship she supported his artistic and literary career, and helped him create films and write books (21-27). Helen and Theodor Geisel moved to New York City, and Geisel’s career flourished there. His fist success was as a cartoonist for Judge magazine. Following a cartoon which jokingly featuredRead MoreThe Hours - Film Analysis12007 Words   |  49 Pagesturn-of-the-millennium terms. The London upper-class wife Clarissa Dalloway receiving illustrious guests in the evening is the model for Clarissa Vaughan giving a small party for her friend Richard, who has just won the Carrouthers Prize in recognition of his literary merits. It was also Richards idea to name her after a great figure in literature, Mrs. Dalloway, on the one hand, because of her existing first name and, on the other hand, because he thought that she was destined to charm, to prosper (10-11)Read MoreLiterary Analysis: Sweat by Zora Neale Hurston Essay1974 Words   |  8 Pagesback against her Grandmother for all of her rules. Although she means her no harm, the act itself is literally taking a dominant hand to her Grandmother. This act of empowerment proves that little Isis Watts is more than capable of living up to her namesake. The white couple brings another interesting twist to the story. Susan Meisenhelder finds the white couple’s response to Isis condescending, â€Å"blind to her internal aspirations and frustration they see her only as ‘Isis the Joyful’, the carefree

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Clockwork Orange, by Anthony Burgess and Brave New World...

A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley are both novels that deal with the theme of dystopia. Both novels depict societies in which mind control is used to create social stability. There are also individuals who rebel against this loss of freedom and identity. However, these individuals lose their fight for freedom because of unsuccessful escape methods, acts of violence and effective conditioning. Character in both novels use unsuccessful escape methods to cope with their loss of identity. Alex, the protagonist in A Clockwork Orange, turns to classical music such as Beethoven when his gang members question his hierarchy within the group. Alex describes his bedroom where he goes after an argument with his gang members : the little speakers of my stereo were all arranged round the room, on ceiling, walls, floor, so, lying on my bed slooshying the music, I was like netted and meshed in the orchestra. (Burgess. 37). We see Alex return to his bedroo m many times after confrontations where his identity is disputed. Eventually, Alex is conditioned to feel sick whenever he hears classical music so Alex loses this escape method as he can no longer listen to classical music. Also, Alex relies heavily on the use of drugs when he is unable to deal with his loss of identity, officially sanctioned milk bars that serve a variety of drug tonics to send one off on incoherent fantasies (Gottlieb). These milk bars are locations where youngShow MoreRelatedUsage And Knowledge Of Tools And Crafts1657 Words   |  7 PagesMany technological processes produce unwanted by-products, known as pollution, and deplete natural resources, to the detriment of the Earth and its environment. Various implementations of technology influence the values of a society and new technology often raises new ethical questions. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, a term originally applied only to machines, and the c hallenge of traditional norms. Philosophical debates have arisen over the present

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Our Town Essay Summary Example For Students

Our Town Essay Summary Our Town, by Thornton Wilder is a play that takes place in a small fictional town of Grovers Corner, New Hampshire; beginning in 1901 and ending in 1913. The play takes the audience through the cycles of life, with the purpose of getting a universal message stating that life shouldnt be taken for granted. Emily Webb, one of the most important characters in the play, is Wilders character in which he uses to show the audience a universal message that anyone would understand and relate to. Emily is a character that is normal enough so that the audience could relate to her; and yet be different in little ways that makes people love and adore her. For example, Emily went through the most common events in a womans life: marriage, childbirth, and death in the play. These cycles makes her common, thus relatable to the audience. Without going through common events in life, the character would seem distant and likeable to the audience. Similarly, when Emily said that she expects a man to be perfect, it makes her special. Wilder put in that scene because he believed that even though there is a basic image of an average person, to be truly average, the character must have a difference to separate the character from the crowd. If the character doesnt have any differences, then the character would be faceless; impossible for the character to take a major role in the play. Emily is portrayed uniquely in her own way, and yet is still within the boundaries of everyone else. The character Emily plays a crucial scene in the play, the part where Emily went back to her twelfth birthday. At first, Emily wanted to go back and relive the happiest day of her life, but Mrs. Gibbs stopped her and told her to visit a normal day instead. Mrs. Gibbs knew what would happen to Emily if she had relived a joyful day in her life. If Emily had went back to a special occasion, she wouldve been overwhelmed by the all the beauty that she didnt pay attention to. Therefore, Emily went to relive her twelfth birthday, but wasnt as happy as she thought she would have been. Emily couldnt understand why her own mother wouldnt even spare the time to look at her on her birthday. She then concluded that the living is ignorant and doesnt appreciate the small things that are in their lives every day. The character Emily is perfect just the way she is. If Wilder changed Emily, the universal message might not be as effective as it is now. Meaning that the audience wouldnt like the idea given from a character that is unlike them.

Sunday, April 19, 2020

True hadiths and the fabricated ones

Introduction Muslims derive the laws that govern them from many sources. The Qur’an is the most important source of law for the Muslims, followed by the Hadith. Hadith is the compilation of the words and deeds of Prophet Muhammad and his companions.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on True hadiths and the fabricated ones specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The companions were the students of Prophet Muhammad. These compilations have been passing down many generations up to the present. Many scholars have tried to expound on the hadith throughout history. Their writings have also been included in the hadith. However, some hadiths are not authentic because their writers either altered their original meanings or falsified some facts. This discussion therefore looks into the efforts of scholars in trying to distinguish between the true hadiths from the fabricated ones in order to prevent the Muslims from being misled . The Science of Hadith The hadith is divided into two parts. The first part includes the words and deeds of Prophet Muhammad and his companions (matn) while the other part contains the chain of transmitters of the information from Prophet Muhammad through many generations (isnad). Muslims look at the chain of transmitters in determining what text are authentic. Each hadith has the text, the chain of reporters and the first sentence of the text (taraf). The hadith is classified by Muslims into four sections. The first consists of the statements of the Prophet Muhammad, the second includes his deeds, the third includes the deeds of the Prophet Muhammad’s companions, and the fourth contains Allah’s inspired words through Prophet Muhammad, which are not written in the Qur’an (Kamali 7). The science of the hadith involves the quest of hadith scholars to assess the narrations contained in the hadith in order to separate the true accounts from the ones that have been fabricated. The science of hadith enhances the understanding of the Qur’an by the Muslims.Advertising Looking for essay on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is a raging controversy on whether the hadith should continue being used as a source of religious instruction. Opponents of the hadith cite reasons like its inaccuracy and irrelevance in the modern setting. Authentication of the hadith was necessary as some hadiths contain misleading facts due to inaccuracy of the text, forgetfulness of some facts by the reporters and deceitfulness and fabrication of other texts. Since the days of Prophet Muhammad, authenticity of the hadith was a matter of great concern. For instance, Prophet Muhammad told the companions not to write down his teachings because he did not want people to confuse his words with those of Allah. Later the Prophet asked the companions to write down his teachings but emphasized on truthfulness and accuracy in their recordings (Hasan 23). When assessing the authenticity of the narrations of the hadith, the scholars examine various aspects. They examine the reference to a certain authority, the number of reporters involved in the narration, the memory strength and reliability of reporters, whether the links of isnad are interrupted or not, and the nature of the content and the isnad (Khan 40). Four categories of hadith can be derived when examining them according to the reference to a certain authority. The hadith that is a revelation from God is classified as divine or Qudsi while that which is a narration from Prophet Muhammad is termed as elevated or Marfu. A hadith that is a companion’s narration only is classified as stopped (or Mauquf) while that which is from a successor is referred to as severed or Maqtu. The successors were the students of the companions (Khan 43). When assessing the authenticity of the hadith according to the links of isnad, se veral categories are obtained. The first category is the Supported or Musnad, which refers to a hadith narrated by someone on the basis of the knowledge he gained from his teacher at a suitable learning time, and the chain of reporters proceed to a well known companion and finally to Prophet Muhammad. Another category is Continuous or Muttasil, which describes a hadith with an uninterrupted chain of reporters going back only to a companion or a successor. The hurried or Mursal hadith is one in which there is no link between the successor and the Prophet. The successor directly quotes the Prophet without the link of a companion.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on True hadiths and the fabricated ones specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A broken hadith or Munqati is one with a missing link before the successor. In a perplexing hadith or Muadal, the reporter does not include two or more successive reporters in the isnad. Another category is Muallaq or hanging hadith in which the reporter omits the whole chain of reporters and directly quotes the Prophet. He does not quote anyone else in the chain of reporters (Hasan 32). Another approach that the scholars use in determining the authenticity of the hadith is through examining the number of reporters at each stage of the isnad. From this assessment, the scholars have come up with five categories. The scholars classify a hadith as consecutive or Mutawatir if a very large number of people were involved in its reporting. The scholars assume that a large number of people is not capable of coming up with as consistent fabrication, and therefore that hadith is declared authentic. A hadith that is narrated by fewer reporters than the Mutawir is referred to as an isolated hadith or Ahad. Isolated hadiths can fall in three classes. The first one is Mash’hur or famous hadith, which is narrated by more than two reporters. A rare or strong hadith (Aziz) is narrated by only two reporters at any stage of the chain of reporters. A hadith that is narrated by only one reporter at any stage of the isnad is referred to as a strange hadith or Gharib. The fewer the reporters of a hadith, the less authentic it becomes (Hasan 37). In assessing the authenticity of the hadith according to the nature of the isnad and the text, two categories are derived. A denounced hadith or Munkar is used to refer to a hadith whose narrator is weak and the narration contradicts another hadith, which is considered authentic. An interpolated hadith or Mudraj is a narration that is an addition to the hadith being narrated (A’zami 49). The scholars also gauge the authenticity of a hadith based on the memory strength and reliability of the reporters. This procedure is used as the final test of whether a hadith should be declared authentic or not. From this assessment, four categories of hadiths are obtained. A hadith is termed to be sound or Sahih if its narra tor upholds his religion, has a reputation of reporting true narrations, fully understands what he is reporting without changing anything, and reports the exact words of the hadith. Moreover, the isnad of a sound hadith should be continuous, and the reporters at each stage of the chain should have a good reputation and strong memory. The text should also not have any inconsistencies or mistakes.Advertising Looking for essay on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another category is a good hadith or Hasan. This is one whose reporters are clear and the source is known. A weak or Da’if hadith is one that does not meet the requirements of Hasan or good hadith. The reasons for the weakness of a hadith could be due to discontinuity or if one of the reporters has a negative reputation of either fabrication of ideas, differing with authentic sources or lacking clarity in his reporting. Another category is the Maudu or fabricated hadith. A hadith is termed as fabricated if the text is inconsistent with the known Prophet’s words or some of the reporters have a reputation of lying. A fabricated hadith will also have inconsistencies in the dates that certain well-known events took place. Such fabricated hadiths can mislead the Muslims and therefore should be identified and abandoned (Azizullah 37). Conclusion The science of hadith is concerned with examining the hadith and determining which ones are authentic and which are fabricated. The hadiths were passed down from Prophet Muhammad, to the companions, then the successors and other reporters through many generations and therefore, there is a possibility of distortion of the message. Therefore, scholars have used several methodologies to find out which hadiths are truly authentic and to discard the fabricated ones. Authentication of the hadiths is important because it prevents the Muslims from being misled by forged hadiths that give falsehoods and contradict the truth. Works Cited A’á ºâ€œami, Muá ¸ ¥ammad, Muá ¹ £Ã¡ ¹ ­afa. Studies In Hadith Methodology And Literature. USA: American Trust Publications, 1977. Print Azizullah, Muhammad. Glimpses of the Hadith. UK: Crescent Publications, 1973. Print Hasan, Suhaib. An introduction to the science of Hadith. Riyadh: Darussalam, 1996. Print Kamali, Mohammad, Hashim. A Textbook of á ¸ ¤adith Studies: Authenticity, Compilation, Classification, And Criticism Of á ¸ ¤adith. Great Britain: Islamic Foundation, 200 9. Print Khan, Israr, Ahmad. Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria. London: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2011. Print This essay on True hadiths and the fabricated ones was written and submitted by user Dulce Q. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

people of dubai essays

people of dubai essays My topic for research is What makes a Club successful? I chose this topic because I find it extremely interesting that on certain nights only selected night clubs are popluar, depending on the music theme and the cover charge. So, I wanted to look into it more deeply and see the otherfactors that contribute to making a night club popluar. If I wanted to open a club in Manchester, New Hampshire, I would need to know what are the key factors that would contribute to its success and attract the targeted crowd. The kind of music, dress code, location, ambience, drinks served, cover charge - all play a part in the success of the good night club. I want to study what are the facotrs that make or break a night club because, I feel, I ti s very important to know all this due to th intense competition. People would lie about the cover charge and entrace fees being reasonable or too expensive. The people working at the club might not give correct information. I may not be able to go visit all the clubs in manchester, due to lack of transportation. I am assuming I will do this research without an biases. Clubs that are open till later than others will attract more people. Lower entrance fee will attract more people. Lowering the age limit to 18years will bring in underage troublemakers, who would want to drink. I am sure I can do this reasearch and get the results I am looking for. Will the popularity of the club increase if the ages limit is reduced to 18+? Does the amount of entrance fee have an influence on the kind people who go there, in terms of age, occupation, etc If the club is open till later than others, will it attract more people? ...

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Six sigma (IEG) Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Six sigma (IEG) - Assignment Example These rules and regulations are applicable to nearly all the organizations regardless of their size, scope or duration of a given project. While the major trends towards quality assurance and improvement can be traced back into 1960s and 1970s, the real origin of this concept from a mathematical view point can be stretched back to as early as the late 18th century. This comes in the form of the works of Carl Fredrick Gauss (Burton & Sams, 2005,p. 9). Later on, the developments kept coming in, and in the present day the concept of Six Sigma is a gift of the 1980s quality based initiatives. It was for the first time introduced in 1986 by a cellular telecommunication based company Motorola. Towards the early 21st century, many companies and experts from the field of quality management have brought about developments, yet the patent rights to original ownership and idea belong to Motorola. Later recognition and realization by the giants of quality based manufacturers such as Generic Electric gave the concept more sound bases with regard to the overall concepts of quality possessed in Six Sigma and its generic application to the various industries. Six Sigma constitute number of steps and features based on which the quality measures are adopted. These come along in the form of overcoming the defects and errors in the routine services and manufacturing processes. For this purpose, Six Sigma determines and sets forth a strict parameter of certain rate and ratio. This rate comes along in the form of 3.4 defective parts in a total of one million produced. In order to maintain the guidelines and parameters of quality given by Six Sigma, the incumbent company ought to have a defect rate of as low as only 3.4 items in a total of one million. This rate will further reduce as the rate of production increases. The Significance of Six

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Religious nationalism in India and how it relates to globalization Essay

Religious nationalism in India and how it relates to globalization - Essay Example Religious nationalism in India and how it affects the economic development of India has been well portrayed in the book "Religious Nationalism: Hindus and Muslims in India" by Peter Van der Veer. The author has considered many factors such as religious movements, discourses and practices, which retard the progress of globalization process in India which are untouched by others so far. The book extensively reviewed the structure of major Indian religions Hindu and Muslim identities in India. The Ayodhya issue ( Babri Masjid demolition by Hindu fundamentalists) which contributed immensely to the current conflicts between the Hindus and Muslims in India. The author argues that larger frameworks of locality were already available in India before the colonial era and the religious nationalism has builds on such earlier frameworks. The rituals of the larger community, Hindu have been incorporated to religious nationalism in this book. He claims that the transnational experiences reinforce the nationalists and religious identity in India. He attributes the Ayodhya issue as a conscious, planned action by religious and political movement. The interpretations of history in favour of either community by the fundamentalists enlarged the Hindu Muslim conflicts further. The author argues that religious nationalism combines anti-historical feature of religious discourse with an empiricist search for â€Å"facts† that has been highly influenced by orientalism, in this book. In this book Van der Veer looks, from a comparative perspective, at the development of Hindu, Sikh, and Muslim religious communities. Religious nationalism in the past 2 centuries builds on the forms of religious identities. This book also discusses the features and implications of the languages Hindi and Urdu used by Hindus and Muslims. The author tries to relate these languages to sacred languages Sanskrit used by the Hindus and Arabic used by Muslims. The book tries to

Friday, January 31, 2020

The French Headscarf Affair Essay Example for Free

The French Headscarf Affair Essay The Headscarf affair which took place in France during the 1990s is a clear representation of the French refusal to revise their national identity. As the rate of post-colonial migration rose, so did the population of Muslims living in France. This rise of Muslim population spurred the start of the Headscarf affair which was used as a tool, against Muslims, to prevent the revision of the French national identity. The affair was justified by three main reasons, 1) to protect the idea of Secularism, 2) to achieve a â€Å"visible integration† and 3) to prevent the inevitable Islamic invasion of France. These three justifications, when considered in conjunction with each other, are able to show how the Headscarf affair in France is representative of a French refusal to revise their national identity and incorporate their new post-colonial migrants into their society. The French held high the ideology of Republic Universalism, a notion that aimed to decrease traces of difference between people, resulting in a national ‘sameness’. From this, the idea of Secularism was formed which aimed to provide a clear barrier between the State and religion. If the French could succeed in executing the idea of Secularism, they could separate the state from religious practices which would in turn remove any â€Å"religious divides that exist in society† which would lead to a religious sameness which in turn would add to the national identity of France and would prevent a revision of this identity. The Headscarf affair became the French government’s tool to the protection of Secularism in France. In 1989 the affair began when headmaster Ernest Cheniere refused to let three girls, each wearing an Islamic Headscarf into school ‘on the grounds that it would contravene with the principle of Secularism. The affair continued to gain momentum until in 1994 Francois Bayrou, the Minister for Education, put a ban on the wearing of any â€Å"Overt† religious symbols to school, with the aim of removing any religious divides and promoting equality and sameness. This rapid growth of the affair from the point of a refused entry to a ban on the Headscarf not only shows the French dislike towards the Muslim community but also indicates how the Headscarf affair, through the implementation of Secularism, represents the French refusal to revise their national identity. To the French it seems that appearance is more than reality when it comes to the idea of national identity. It can be argued that the French, with consideration to the post-colonial influx of Muslims, were only after a â€Å"visual integration†. It did not matter if the nation was actually unified and could be identified on a deeper more patriotic level; the focus was on the appearance of the nation. If the citizens of France appeared to have one identity, an identity that promoted the idea of sameness, as discussed earlier, then the national identity of the country was upheld. In order, however, for the French to retain this identity of visual integration and sameness, something had to be done about the Muslim women who were â€Å"emphasising religious differences† by wearing the headscarf. Action was taken against visual setbacks to national identity in 1994 when, as previously stated, Francois Bayrou placed ban on the wearing of all â€Å"overt and ostentatious† religious symbols. His justification was that the wearing of such symbols ‘separated students’ by causing visible â€Å"barriers to assimilation†, integration and unification. Clearly, the aim of Bayrou was to demolish any visible differences between the citizens of France and retain this visible unification that was deemed to be the French national identity. Ironically however, excluded from this ban were the Christian Crucifix and the Jewish Kippa, both being deemed â€Å"discreet. † Had Bayrou been consistent in his ban of visible and ‘overt’ religious symbols, his justification of the separation of children may have been plausible. With this ironic exclusion in mind we are now in a position to examine the real underlying factor as to why the Headscarf affair began in the first place and why the French used it to protect a potential revision of their National Identity. The primary and underlying factor contributing to the French Headscarf Affair during the 1990s is the French paranoia of the â€Å"phenomenon of Islamicization. † The French were convinced that with the mass influx of post-colonial Muslims, an Islamic invasion of France would come and with this invasion would come the rapid demise of the already established French national identity. As the wearing of the headscarf became more apparent on Islamic women in France, the French paranoia grew stronger with the Front National party going as far as proclaiming that the Muslims were â€Å"implanting themselves symbolically by the wearing of the headscarf. † In an attempt to protect their country from Islamic invasion and a potential revision of their national identity, the French implemented the ban on Islamic Headscarves and recruited support for this ban from the French community. The government used the media as their main source of recruitment; often portraying Muslim girls as tools used by the Islam’s to infiltrate France. Newspapers began to sprout exaggerated and bias headlines such as â€Å"Headscarves, the plot: how are Islamists infiltrating us† and articles declaring that â€Å"the fact that Muslim girls wished to wear a headscarf was a clear sign of Invasion. † With the support of the majority of the citizens in France, the French began executing the headscarf ban around the country in a desperate attempt to defend their nation from â€Å"the invasion by a troubling stranger and the fear of losing supremacy† and in turn prevent themselves from having to completely reconstruct their national identity. As we can see by examining the French Headscarf Affair and its three primary reasons of justification, the protection of Secularism, the achievement of â€Å"Visible Integration† and the prevention of an Islamic invasion, the Headscarf affair of the 1990s does in fact represent a French refusal to revise their national identity and incorporate their new post-colonial migrants into their society.

Thursday, January 23, 2020

The Loneliness Of mice and Men :: essays research papers

The Loneliness Of Mice and Men   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In the touching and gripping tale of John Steinbeck’s novel, Of Mice and Men, he explains many themes throughout the books. One of the major themes is loneliness, which is shown throughout many different characters, for example, Curley’s wife, the stable buck (Crooks), and Lennie.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬Å"’I get lonely’ she said ‘You can talk to people, but I can’t talk to nobody but Curley, else he gets mad. How’d you like not to talk to nobody?’† (Page 87) This quote is said by Curley’s wife when all the men went to town, including her husband. It shows that she spends all her time alone, in her house as the men work in the fields. She is also not allowed to talk to anyone but her husband who spends all of this time in the fields, so she feels like she is living alone all her life. This forces her to talk to anybody she finds. This shows her case of loneliness, and Crooks almost has the same situation. â€Å"A guy goes nuts if he ain’t got nobody. Don’t make no difference who the guy is, long’s he’s with you. ‘I tell ya’ he cried. ‘I tell ya a guy gets too lonely an’ he gets sick.† (Page 72-73) As you can see, Crooks also spends most of his time alone because he is black. He is not allowed to enter the bunk house nor go to town with the guys. He is not allowed to enter the bunk house, he is not allowed to go to town with the guys and nobody likes him because he is black. This shows that he has no friendship and his whole life is filled with loneliness. His case is different from Lennie’s.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬Å"You ain’t gonna leave me, are ya George. I know you ain’t (page 103)†¦ S’pose George don’t come back, s’pose he took a powder and just ain’t comin back.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Open Racism

When I think about is racism still alive today, a particular poem comes into mind its entitled:â€Å"Racism Is Around Me Everywhere†. | | â€Å"Of human ignorance I am almost in despair For racism is around me everywhere But like they say sheer ignorance is bliss Just like Judas betrayed Jesus with a kiss. Some people carry their honor in a flag And of their Nationality they brag They feel superior and they differentiate And against those who are different they discriminate. So many people still judged by their race For such there never ought to be a place ‘A fair go' those untruthful words I do recallThere is no such a thing as a ‘fair go for all'. Though we live in a so called democracy Of racism we never will be free They judge you by where you come from and the color of your skin For many equality and respect seems impossible to win. It's been awhile since the days of Martin Luther King His name to it has a familiar ring If against racism he did not choose to strive Today the great man he would be alive. So many holding the reins of power not spiritually aware And racism is around me everywhere And racism only leads to division and war Just goes to show how ignorant some are. † (Frances Duggar) | |Racism is a belief held by some that there are characteristics and abilities can be attributed to people simply on the basis of their race and that some racial groups are superior to others. Racism and discrimination have been used as powerful weapons encouraging fear or hatred of others in times of conflict and war, and even during economic downturns. For people throughout the world, the election of Barak Obama to the U. S. presidency seemed to signal in a new era, that of the end of racism. Indeed, Obama's election was a momentous occasion and, one would have hoped, a milestone on the road to reconciliation.However, some recent, very ominous events cast a worrisome veil over the democratic process in the United States. These events poin ts out how racism is still a problem in the United States. Racism occurs often times out of fear. Many people fear what is different to them and what they do not know. This in turn, makes it scary when you see people who look different than you do and sometimes, you treat those individuals differently because you do not know them. Racism occurs in different facets of society. Schools, the government and the workplace are sometimes the worst examples of racism.Racism in schools Millions of African American and Latino young people in the United States don’t get an education equal to that of most whites, partly because the urban schools they go to don’t have as much money as the schools in the white suburbs. This is because the country has decided that much of the money for schools should come from local property taxes. So in communities where the houses and businesses are less expensive, the schools don’t get enough money to provide a high quality education. This is unfair. This is institutional racism.If we financed schools differently every student, regardless of his or her â€Å"race†, could go to a high quality school that was the equal of the schools other students attend. The Government Hurricane Katrina: The government had known for years that a big hurricane was likely to cause dangerous flooding in New Orleans. The plans they made didn’t include any way to get poor people (predominately African Americans) out of the city to safety. When the storm and the flooding did come with Hurricane Katrina in 2005, much of the country saw on TV that thousands of people of color were stranded in the city without food, water, housing or safety.The government was incredibly slow to rescue people, to provide food and shelter, and to help them rebuild their houses. Many people believe that if those stranded had been mostly white people the rescue efforts would have been much quicker and effective. Racism in the Workplace Racism in the form of discrimination persists in society also. A case in point is that blacks have traditionally suffered from higher rates of unemployment than whites. In June 2009, black employment was at 15. 3 % compared to an 8. 8% unemployment rate for whites. Do blacks simply not take the initiative that whites do to find work?Studies indicate that, in actuality, discrimination likely contributes to the black-white unemployment gap. (Thompson) Critics will say how can racism still exists with the election of the United States first black president. Since President Obama took office he has been a rise of subtle racism against our president. It can be seen in the supporters of the new â€Å"birthers† movement, who stir up doubts about Obama's citizenship. During the 2008 presidential campaign, there was no impetus to question John McCain’s birthplace even though it was common knowledge that McCain was born in Panama; because he is white.The president’s birthplace should n ot have been an issue at all but yet to this day you still have a lot of Americans who still question his birthplace. Critics also say with electing our first minority president, and minorities reaching higher levels of education, obtaining more earnings and more distinguished careers, one might infer that prejudice is dead. I contend that it is alive and flourishing while lurking beneath the shadows of figures that naturally inflate with the growth of a burgeoning society.If racism does not exist then what accounts for â€Å" the wide range of disparities that still exist in society, most of which show black Americans with worse outcomes than whites in areas such as income, home ownership, health and employment,† study researcher Samuel Sommers, a psychologist at Tufts University, said in a statement. When most Americans think of racism they think of the open racism back in the Civil Rights movement and during slavery times when crosses were burned in African-American yards. They think of the KKK when they think of racism which was upfront and in your face. The fact that the KKK and groups such as these that still exist prove the point that racism still occurs in the United States. While racism may not be as widespread as before, it exists, without a doubt. While we like to think that those unfortunate days of racism are behind us, it still exists. Today, racism is much less obvious and less prevalent. However, we are still reminded that racism is alive and well, and we must continue working to do away with it.Every day in the news there are stories dealing with the unfair treatment of minorities, women, and gays. America is the best country in the world because of the opportunity given to every individual and because of its constant struggle for equality of all. Any person, of any race, creed, or religion can succeed with hard work and determination. The problem is that the level of those individual’s success is sometimes determined, by the colo r of their skin. The race for social equality is persistent here, but there are still problems with the system.So, unfortunately racism does still exist today in the United States. References William-White, L. , & White, J. (2011). Color Marks the Site/Sight of Social Difference: Dysconscious Racism in the â€Å"Age of Obama†. Qualitative Inquiry, 17(9), 837. Retrieved December 12, 2011, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2495960131). William March. (16 May). Researcher: Evidence shows racism in opposition to Obama. McClatchy – Tribune Business News,. Retrieved December 12, 2011, from ProQuest Newsstand. (Document ID: 2348227321). Thompson Matthew (2011).Does Racism still exist today? Answers from Men. Retrived December 12, 2011 http://www. answersfrommen. com/2011/01/does-racism-still-exist-today/ Mosser, K. (2011). An introduction to logic. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. (https://content. ashford. edu) Pappas Stephanie. (2001) Study: Whites say they are racists’ victims. Retrieved December 12, 2011. http://www. cbsnews. com/stories/2011/05/24/scitech/main20065864. shtml http://poemhunter. com/poem/racism-is-around-me-everywhere/ http://www. politicususa. com/en/political-racism

Monday, January 6, 2020

Analysis Of The Book 1984 By George Orwell - 789 Words

In the book â€Å"1984,† written by George Orwell, there is a character that is known as Big Brother. He is a man who could be known as a Demagogue. The reason for this is due to the fact that he was able to rise to such power where he is capable of changing the past. The way he is now, in the story, shows that he didn’t use rational argument to rise to power, but chose to appeal to the majority group of people through desires and prejudice. Donald Trump is an example of a Demagogue and of Big Brother. Donald Trump is currently running for president and he is getting many supporters who agree with his propositions. However, these supporters are with him due to the fact that he appeals to their desires and prejudice. There has not been a moment where he speaks kindly of other races. Trump is simply throwing out ideas that he feels are accurate when in truth they are entirely one sided. His concept involves murder by bombing and hunting people who, to him, are the cause o f many problems such as crimes and drugs. Big Brother is the leader of the world and is loved by everyone except one person known as Winston. Winston does everything he can to find out about the true past, which was erased and changed into what Big Brother said the past was like. Eventually Winston gets captured and is tortured to the point where he is forced into loving Big Brother. Big Brother is seen as a man who forces his ideas onto other people. He changes things into what he wants them to be. Big BrotherShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Book 1984 By George Orwell1362 Words   |  6 PagesKathie Tejada Professor Antonio Tomà ¡s Guerrero Dà ­az COLI 214B 1984 This novel, 1984, is a dystopia and takes place in Oceania where people live in a totalitarian society. The author, George Orwell, wrote this as if he was looking into the future and what it was going to turn in to. This group of people, called The Party, have control over everything and everyone, and they have a leader, known as Big Brother, who is everywhere throughout the novel and the people look up to him. They invented a languageRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book 1984 By George Orwell1084 Words   |  5 Pages1984 was written by British author George Orwell. The main character is an average man by the name of Winston Smith. Winston does not agree with the ideals of the party; this gets him arrested by the thought police. 1984 proclaims what could happen if people just let the government do all their thinking for them. 1.In the world of 1984, what is considered orthodox is not the same as the actual world. 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The mysterious character of Big Brother serves as the leader of this dystopian society while members of the Party work for total power over the general public. Telescreens are installed in every room for constant investigation, language is continuously modified, and extreme actions are made in order to achieve the end goal of absolute controlRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book 1984 By George Orwell1253 Words   |  6 Pagesno point of trying to live a regular life. In the book 1984 by George Orwell nearly everyone in the book is brainwashed and given a lot of false information. Winston and other characters only provide a little bit of hope. With a little bit of hope i n the brainwashed world there is still absolutely no chance for any recovery unless the upper management screws up. This hope provides nearly no chance of humanity going back to normal. 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In the novel â€Å"1984† by George Orwell, Big Brother is a dominant figure in the ways which he controls Oceania. Orwell portrays a society with a government that oversees and influences each facet of human life to the point that even having an unfaithful thought that is in disagreement with the law is forbidden. Big Brother